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THE AFTERLIFE EXPERIMENTS: Breakthrough Scientific Evidence of Life After Death (2003) - Gary E. R. Schwartz (Author)
THE G.O.D. EXPERIMENTS: How Science Is Discovering God In Everything, Including Us (2007) - Gary E. R. Schwartz (Author)
THE ENERGY HEALING EXPERIMENTS: Science Reveals Our Natural Power to Heal (2008) - Gary E. R. Schwartz (Author)
THE SACRED PROMISE: How Science Is Discovering Spirit's Collaboration with Us in Our Daily Lives (2011) - Gary E. R. Schwartz (Author)
Biophoton imaging around and between plant parts: are "auras" real?
Creath, Katherine; and Schwartz, Gary E.
Biophoton emission is a type of self-bioluminescence that has been proposed as one possible mechanism responsible for intra- and intercellular communication (information transfer) as well as for regulation of biological and biochemical functions within cells and living systems. Measurements by other researchers have shown that this emission has the properties of coherent light and is measurable from the UV through the near IR. Experimental evidence gathered by various researchers since the 1920's indicates that light plays an important role in certain biological functions and processes. We have developed an imaging system and analysis techniques using biophoton imaging of plant leaves as a diagnostic tool for tracking state of health of a biological system over time. Using these techniques we have also investigated the response of plant leaves as a subtle energy detector. The imaging system is comprised of a light-tight dark chamber using a high-performance, low-noise, cooled Princeton Instruments VersArray 1300B CCD imaging array. As we studied thousands of biophoton images recorded of plants and plant parts over the past three years, we have observed patterns in the "noise" surrounding plant parts. Through a series of experiments these "halo-like" patterns appear to extend beyond the plants and they appear more intensely between plant parts in close proximity falling off as the distance between plant parts increases. Comparison of images taken with different backgrounds shows that images taken using a non-fluorescing white background to enhance the light scattered around and between the leaves yields much more evidence of halos and resonance effects than images taken with an absorbing black background. This may be a similar effect to sensitives who claim they can better see auras when the subject is in front of a lighter colored background. Image processing techniques to stretch and enhance mapping of signal levels can aid in visualizing these effects. Are these "halo-like" patterns similar to what many sensitive people call "auras", and are they indicative of some kind of biological communication/resonance via light? Dynamical systems theory offers a plausible explanation for resonance effects we have observed. The role of photonic interaction at the systemic level in biological systems has received relatively little attention. Yet, a better understanding of these processes would help us in deciphering the nature and role of light in biological systems. Partially supported by NIH P20 AT00774-01 (Center for Frontier Medicine in Biofield Science) from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). C21
Predictors of improvement in self-reported health, pain, and mood in a sample of persons undergoing coronary bypass surgery
Schwartz, G; Brooks, AJ; Reece, K; Goldtooth, R; Nangle, G; Campesino, M; & Hamilton, A
Objective: To examine the role of demographic, psychosocial and spiritual predictors on change on self-report mood, health, and pain scales in patients following Coronary Bypass surgery. Methods: Patients in the current study were participating in a double-blind randomized controlled trial examining the effect of distant Johrei on surgery outcomes. The self-report change measures were completed prior to surgery and 3-days post-surgery. Mood was measured with the Global Mood Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale. The short form of the McGill Pain scale was used to measure pain and the Idler was used to measure health status. Spirituality was measured by the Openness to Spiritual Beliefs (OSBE), the Daily Spiritual Experiences (DSE) scale, and the Religious and Spiritual Practices (RSP) scale. Results: Correlations between the predictors and change scores were examined first. Having experienced a person who had passed away (OSBE) was most frequently correlated with the change scores, followed by the DSE scale and receiving help from your congregation (RSP). Experiencing a person who had passed away was correlated with improvements in depression, mood, health ratings, overall well-being (trend), and pain. The DSE scale correlated with improvements in health ratings and pain. Individual DSE items were correlated with improvements in mood and health ratings. Congregation prayer and assistance correlated with improvements in pain, overall well-being, and health rating. Significantly correlated variables were used as predictors in regression analyses. Experiencing a person who had passed away was a predictor of improvement in mood, sensory pain, and health rating. The DSE was not significant in any of the models.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that experiencing a person who had passed away and spiritual experiences are positively related to self-report health outcomes. Interestingly, demographic, psychosocial, and baseline mood variables rarely correlated with the change scores. C12
Measuring the Effects of Intentionality in Energy Practitioners on Extra Low Frequency Magnetic Fields
Flores, M. T.; Connor, M.; and Schwartz, G. E.
This poster presents a basic scientific test method that may be used to study how energy-based practitioners produce effects. Also presented are the results of testing and potential methods of use to describe individuals engaged in the process of being an energy medicine practitioner. While there are approximately 1 million energy medicine practitioners in the United States (Connor, Schwartz & Jacobs, 2005), the mainstream medical community as a whole has paid little attention to the physiological effects of healing intention, which is considered to be an essential component of the energy medicine model. Significant effects have been reported in meta-analyses of energy medicine studies (Schlitz & Braud, 1997; Winstead-Fry & Kijek, 1999; Warber et al., 2000; Astin, Harkness & Ernst, 2000). Cellular changes produced as effects of energy medicine have been demonstrated in a research environment (Syldona & Rein, 1999; Rein & Syldona, 2003; Rein, 2004; Creath & Schwartz, 2005; Rubick & Schwartz, 2005). Valid and replicable research design and measures will help clarify differences in intentionality, placebo, and randomly produced effects of healing presence and predict potential practitioner competence. The data reported here replicates and extends experiments conducted by Connor and Schwartz (2004, 2006, & 2007) using a Triaxial Extra-Low Frequency (ELF) Magnetic Field Meter. This method provides a baseline assessment of a practitioner’s ability to produce measurable and reliable changes in the amplitude in the ELF range through the use of intentionality on demand in a research environment. Data analysis to date demonstrates significant changes in amplitude (p < 0.0001) in the ELF range on one minute measures of energy practitioners’ universal qi point in the palms of the hands. This data also suggests a relationship between this objective measure of performance and widely-used state/trait measures of well-being (Bell, et al., 2000), spiritual experience (Underwood, 2000; Fetzer, 1999), and absorption in various life experiences (Tellegen & Atkinson, 1974; Dixon, et al., 1996).
Remote diagnosis of medical conditions: A double-blind experiment of medical intuition
Attig, Sheryl; and Schwartz, Gary
Background: Medical intuition is the practice of using intuition to diagnose and treat illness. There is a long history of medical intuition including the beliefs and practices of Ancient Greek physicians, shamans throughout the world, healers in India, and Edgar Cayce in America. In more recent times research has been conducted to study this phenomenon in therapeutic touch, Silva Mind Control, Mind Dynamic in Sweden, and in a variety of other intuitives. To date there has not been a double blinded study of diagnosing using medical intuition. Aims: To further test the hypothesis of medical intuition a double blind experiment was performed using seven medical intuitives, 19 congestive heart failure patients and their 19 spouses who did not have congestive heart failure to serve as controls. Methods: A Cardiologist collected medical data on the patients with congestive heart failure as well as on their spouses. Medical intuitives were asked to give medical diagnoses for all subjects at a distance, given only the subjects' names, dates of birth, gender, and the city and state in which they live. Undergraduate students counted the number of diagnoses given to each subject by each intuitive. Two cardiologists rated the likelihood of a diagnosis being congestive heart failure for each diagnosis given by the intuitives. Results: On average the intuitives gave more diagnoses to the subjects who were diagnosed by the diagnosing cardiologist as having congestive heart failure than to the subjects who did not have congestive heart failure. The cardiologists rated the congestive heart failure patients as more likely to have the diagnosis of congestive heart failure than their spouses. Limitations: There was a small number and variety of medical intuitives. It is possible that some of the subjects to be diagnosed may have died by the time the diagnoses were performed. Distance in diagnosing may have been a limiting factor for practitioners who are used to being in the same room with the person to be diagnosed. Conclusion: Medical intuition appears to be a real phenomenon, worthy of further research. With further validation it could be used as an adjunct tool for diagnosing patients, especially in difficult cases. Further research should investigate the factors that contribute to the success or failure of a medical intuitive being able to diagnose properly, such as mood and health factors, the effects of incentive, and the effect of distance. Also, investigating whether or not medical intuition is something innate or something that can be learned could be of value. P5
Are research mediums real? A triple-blind study of anomalous information reception
Beischel, Julie; and Schwartz, Gary E.
Previous research from the Human Energy Systems Laboratory at the University of Arizona (veritas.arizona.edu - now www.lach.web.arizona.edu/veritas_research_program) has documented apparent anomalous information reception by carefully selected research mediums. The present experiment was designed to be a "triple-blind" study to rule out all potential sources of conventional information retrieval. Eight University of Arizona undergraduate students were selected to participate as research "sitters;" 4 had suffered the death of a parent, the other 4 experienced the loss of a peer. To maximize identifiable differences between the experimental "readings," each deceased parent was paired with a deceased peer of the same gender. The sitters were not present at the readings; an experimenter blind to the identity of the sitters and their deceased served as a "proxy sitter." Eight research mediums, blind to the identities of the sitters and their deceased but given the first name of the deceased, each read for two absent sitters and their paired deceased; each pair of sitters was read by two mediums. After the readings were conducted, the sitters, blind to the origin of the information, each scored a pair of readings; one was a reading intended for his/her deceased, the other was the paired control reading. The blind global rating scores given to each reading by a sitter were significantly higher (p <0.01) for readings intended for the sitter than for the control readings that were intended for the paired sitter. These findings are consistent with the continuance of personal information hypothesis as well as the survival of consciousness hypothesis. P5
Interaction of distant Johrei and patient belief in receiving Johrei on health outcomes: A double-blind study
Brooks, A; Schwartz, GE; Reece, K; Goldtooth, R; Nangle, G; Campesino, M; & Hamilton, A
Objective: To examine the influence of patient treatment guess on change on self-report mood and health in Coronary Bypass surgery patients. Methods: Patients in the study were participating in a double-blind randomized controlled trial examining the effect of distant Johrei on self-report health, pain, and mood outcomes (N=55). The self-report measures were completed prior to surgery and 3-days post-surgery. Mood was measured with the Global Mood Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The Arizona Integrated Outcomes Scale (AIOS) measured overall well-being. The McGill Pain scale was used to measure pain and the Idler was used to measure health status. At the 3-day post-surgery follow-up patients were asked whether they thought they were in the Johrei group and how confident they were with their choice. Results: A majority of patients (75%) thought they received Johrei. There was no significant difference between the Johrei (71%) and control (77%) groups in the proportion of persons guessing they received Johrei. Forty-three percent who thought they didn't get Johrei actually received Johrei (NJ), while 31% guessed correctly that they received Johrei (YJ). Thirteen percent guessed Johrei but were in the control group (YC) and 13% guessed no Johrei and were in the control group (NC). Overall, persons who thought they had received Johrei had significantly higher confidence ratings (Means: guess Johrei 7.5 vs. no Johrei 5.3). When analyzed by the 4 guess groups, the group that guessed no Johrei and were in the control group had significantly lower confidence ratings than the other 3 groups (Means: NC: 3.4 vs. NJ 7.9; YC 7.1, YJ 6.9). Oneway ANOVAs were conducted with correct guess as the independent variable. Correct guess significantly predicted AIOS change, pain in the last week, and health compared to others. Sensory pain change was also marginally significant (p<.08). The group that guessed Johrei and received Johrei showed improved health and well-being and a smaller increase in pain than the group that guessed no Johrei and were in the control group. Conclusion: The placebo effect is widely debated as a possible explanation for the positive outcomes found in alternative medicine studies. The present findings suggest that receiving a healing treatment alone is not sufficient; patient belief in whether a person received treatment appears to interact with the treatment to produce positive outcomes. Furthermore, it is the lack of belief in conjunction with receiving no treatment that contributes to poorer outcomes
The present study was conducted with a small sample and needs to be replicated on a larger sample, with other illnesses, and utilizing different energy modalities.P10
Oscillation of amplitude as measured by an extra low frequency magnetic field meter as a biophysical measure of intentionality
Connor, Melinda; Schwartz, Gary; and Tau, Genevieve
There are approximately 1 million energy medicine practitioners in the US at this time (Connor, Schwartz & Jacobs, 2005). Braud & Schlitz (1989); Schlitz & Braud (1997); Winstead-Fry & Kijek (1999); Warber, et al. (2000); and Astin, Harkness & Ernst (2000) in their meta-data analysis of energy medicine studies have found significant effects. Creath & Schwartz (2005) and Rubik & Schwartz (2005) have demonstrated cellular changes produced as effects of energy medicine. It is unclear from the data at this time how the practitioners are producing effects. Clarification between placebo, intentionality, and randomly produced effects needs to take place. As part of this process scientists need a simple measure which predicts potential practitioner competence in a research environment. This study tests the use of Triaxial ELF Magnetic Field Meter as a method to confirm that a practitioner is able to produce measurable and reliable changes of amplitude in the extra low frequency range through the use of intentionality, on demand and in a research setting. Information will be presented on the test methods, the results of testing and potential methods of use. Data analysis to date demonstrates effect significance to p<.0001 on a one minute measure of the energy practitioners hand at the universal qi point in the palm. P4